Author(s): Tanida M, Niijima A, Shen J, Yamada S, Sawai H,
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Abstract Previous studies have demonstrated that central injection of orexin-A affects renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) and blood pressure (BP) in both anesthetized and unanesthetized rats. In the present study, we examined, using urethane-anesthetized rats, the dose-dependent effects of intravenous (iv) or intralateral cerebral ventricular (LCV) injection of various doses of orexin-A on RSNA and BP. We found that injection of a low dose of orexin-A (10 ng iv or 0.01 ng LCV) suppressed RSNA and BP significantly. Conversely, a high dose (1000 ng iv or 10 ng LCV) of orexin-A elevated both RSNA and BP significantly. Pretreatment with either iv or LCV injection of thioperamide, a histaminergic H(3)-receptor antagonist, eliminated the effects of a low dose of orexin-A on both RSNA and BP. Both iv and LCV injection of diphenhydramine, a histaminergic H(1)-receptor antagonist, abolished the effects of a high dose of orexin-A on RSNA and BP. Furthermore, bilateral lesions of the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) abolished the effects of both low and high doses of orexin-A on RSNA and BP. These findings suggest that orexin-A affects RSNA and BP in a dose-dependent manner and that the SCN and histaminergic nerve may be involved in the dose-different effects of orexin-A in rats.
This article was published in Exp Biol Med (Maywood)
and referenced in Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies