Author(s): Koterov AN, Ushenkova LN, Biryukov AP
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Abstract On the basis of all possible publications on the theme included in the previously formed base of sources on molecular epidemiology of RET/PTC rearrangements in thyroid papillary carcinoma a pooled analysis ("simple pooling data") on determination of the dose-effect dependences for RET/PTC frequency in radiogenic carcinomas of various irradiated groups was performed. (They are groups subjected to radiotherapeutic exposure, residents near the Chernobyl nuclear power plant (CNPP) and victims of nuclear bombing). The tendency to Pearson linear correlation (r = 0.746; p = 0.148) between the frequency of RET/PTC and the estimated dose on thyroid in the regions affected by the CNPP accident was revealed. But this tendency was recognized to be random owing to abnormally low values of the indicator for the most contaminated Gomel region. The method tentatively called "case-control" showed reliable differences in thyroid dose values for carcinomas with RET/PTC and without those. The versatility of changes was found: the lack of RET/PTC for radiotherapeutic impacts was associated with higher doses, whereas in case of the CNPP accident and for nuclear bombing victims it was the opposite. Probably, in the first case the "cellular cleaning" phenomenon after exposure to very high doses took place. Search of direct Pearson correlations between average/median thyroid doses on groups and RET/PTC frequency in carcinomas of these groups showed a high reliability for the dose-effect dependences- at the continuous dose scale (for RET/PTC in total and RET/PTC1 respectively: r = 0.830; p = 0.002 and r = 0.906; p = 0.0003); while there was no significant correlation received for RET/PTC3. When using the weighting least square regression analysis (proceeding from the number of carcinomas in samples), the specified regularities remained. Attempts to influence the strength of correlation by exception ofthe data of all the samples connected with the accident on the CNPP did not significantly reduce the strength of associations for RET/PTC in total. On the basis of ordinal scale doses (background, "low" (0.1 Gy), "middle" (0.1-1 Gy) and "large" (1-10 Gy) dose) also found was a significant correlation (Spearman) with the dose for the frequency RET/PTC in total (r = 0.736; p = 0.0098), but for certain types of rearrangements the results were reverse to the previous analysis (the effect was significant only for the RET/PTC3: r = 0.731; p = 0.024). The linear dose-response trends of the Cochrane-Armitage-test for the frequency of RET/PTC in total, RET/PTC1 and RET/PTC3 depending on the dose to the thyroid in the ordinal scale were registered (p, respectively: < 0.0001 < 0.0001 and 0.007). Thus; after more than 20 years of the molecular and epidemiological research of RET/PTC in thyroid radiogenic carcinomas the comprehensive evidence of the dose-effect dependence existence indicating a real relationship between the studied parameters and a radiation factor was obtained for the first time.
This article was published in Radiats Biol Radioecol
and referenced in Journal of Aeronautics & Aerospace Engineering