Author(s): Hfeli UO, Roberts WK, Meier DS, Ciezki JP, Pauer GJ,
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Abstract PURPOSE: The objective was to determine the dosimetry of a potential endovascular brachytherapy source consisting of a coiled tungsten wire mounted on the distal end of a drive wire and neutron-activated to contain the parent-daughter nuclides tungsten-188 (188W) and rhenium-188 (188Re). METHODS: A coiled tungsten wire 40 mm in length was neutron-activated by double-neutron capture for 78 hours at 1.9 x 10(15) h/cm2/s to contain 925 MBq (25 mCi) of 188W/188Re in equilibrium. The dose-fall off from this source was determined using three independent methods: (a) Thermoluminescence dosimetry with small LiF-100 rods, (b) Gafchromic film dosimetry, and (c) Bang gel dosimetry. In addition, a Monte Carlo simulation was performed to compute the beta-dose. RESULTS: Each of the three measurement methods recorded similar values for the dose fall-off within the distances useful for endovascular brachytherapy. The Monte Carlo calculations closely approximated the measured results in the treatment range between 1 and 3 mm and may thus be useful for evaluating changing geometries in the development of catheters and source setups. A 2 min restenosis treatment delivering 20 Gy at a radius of 2 mm would require a source of 1384.8 MBq/cm (37.4 mCi/cm). CONCLUSIONS: The dose distribution from a 188W/188Re source is similar to that of a 90Y-source. An added advantage of the 188W/188Re source is that it can be used for at least two months and still provides fast treatment times because of the parent isotope's half-life of 69 days. The additional gamma emission from the source is too small to impose a serious radiological hazard. The high atomic number and density of the source material allows direct fluoroscopic imaging without additional markers.
This article was published in Med Phys
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy