alexa Double CO(2) fixation in photosynthesis-fermentation model enhances algal lipid synthesis for biodiesel production.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques

Author(s): Xiong W, Gao C, Yan D, Wu C, Wu Q

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Abstract In this study, a photosynthesis-fermentation model was proposed to merge the positive aspects of autotrophs and heterotrophs. Microalga Chlorella protothecoides was grown autotrophically for CO(2) fixation and then metabolized heterotrophically for oil accumulation. Compared to typical heterotrophic metabolism, 69\% higher lipid yield on glucose was achieved at the fermentation stage in the photosynthesis-fermentation model. An elementary flux mode study suggested that the enzyme Rubisco-catalyzed CO(2) re-fixation, enhancing carbon efficiency from sugar to oil. This result may explain the higher lipid yield. In this new model, 61.5\% less CO(2) was released compared with typical heterotrophic metabolism. Immunoblotting and activity assay further showed that Rubisco functioned in sugar-bleaching cells at the fermentation stage. Overall, the photosynthesis-fermentation model with double CO(2) fixation in both photosynthesis and fermentation stages, enhances carbon conversion ratio of sugar to oil and thus provides an efficient approach for the production of algal lipid. Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Bioresour Technol and referenced in Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques

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