alexa Down-regulation of endothelial cell estrogen receptor expression by the inflammation promoter LPS.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Author(s): Holm A, Andersson KE, Nordstrm I, Hellstrand P, Nilsson BO

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Abstract Endothelial cells express both estrogen receptor (ER) alpha and beta. The objective of this study was to investigate if and how mediators of inflammation regulate endothelial cell ERalpha and ERbeta expression. ERalpha and ERbeta transcript and protein expression were determined by real-time quantitative PCR and Western blotting, respectively, in endothelial cell line bEnd.3 cells stimulated with the inflammation promoter lipopolysaccharide (E. coli LPS). Stimulation with LPS (500 ng/ml and 10 microg/ml) for 4 days reduced both ERalpha and ERbeta mRNA levels. The glucocorticoid dexamethasone (1 microM) had no effect on LPS-induced attenuation of ERalpha and beta transcript expression. Full-length 66-67 kDa ERalpha protein was unaffected by 4 days stimulation with LPS, while the 46-kDa ERalpha isoform was reduced by about 20\%. ERbeta protein was reduced by about 40\% by LPS at 4 days. Treatment with 17beta-estradiol (E(2), 100 nM) for 4 days increased ERbeta mRNA by about 8 times but had no effect on ERalpha mRNA level. The E(2)-induced increase in ERbeta transcript was not associated with increased ERbeta protein. E(2) increased ERbeta mRNA expression also in the presence of LPS, suggesting that inflammation-induced impairment of ERbeta signalling is rescued by estrogen. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Mol Cell Endocrinol and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

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