Author(s): Li D, Li J, An Y, Yang Y, Zhang SQ
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: The cardiotoxicity of doxorubicin limits its clinical use in the treatment of a variety of solid tumors and malignant hematologic disease. Although the mechanism by which it causes cardiac injury is not yet known, apoptosis has been regarded as one of mechanisms underlying the cardiotoxic effects of doxorubicin. In the present study, we investigates the mechanisms of doxorubicin-induced apoptosis in H9c2 cardiomyocytes by NF-κB dependent PUMA upregulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: H9c2 cardiac myocytes was treated with 5-50 mM concentration of doxorubicin for 72 hours. p65 siRNA or PUMA siRNA was transfected into H9c2 cardiac myocytes, then treated with 50 mM doxorubicin for 72 hours. Apoptotic cells were detected using Flow cytometric analysis. MTT cytotoxicity test was used to detect the effect of doxorubicin on H9c2 cardiac myocytes. PUMA expression was detected by western blot assay. NF-kappaB binding activities was detected using electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSA). RESULTS: Doxorubicin promotes apoptosis and inhibits proliferation in H9c2 cardiac myocytes in a dose and time-dependent way. Doxorubicin treatment increased NF-kappaB binding activities and PUMA expression. Inhibition of p65 by p65 siRNA decreased PUMA expression of doxorubicin-induced. Furthermore, p65 siRNA or PUMA siRNA-mediated suppression of p65 or PUMA results in inhibition of apoptosis of doxorubicin-induced. CONCLUSIONS: It is demonstrated that PUMA is a direct target of NF-κB and mediates doxorubicin-induced apoptosis in vitro.
This article was published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
and referenced in Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access