Author(s): Godley ST, Triggs TJ, Fildes BN
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Abstract The behavioral validation of an advanced driving simulator for its use in evaluating speeding countermeasures was performed for mean speed. Using mature drivers, 24 participants drove an instrumented car and 20 participants drove the simulator in two separate experiments. Participants drove on roads which contained transverse rumble strips at three sites, as well as three equivalent control sites. The three pairs of sites involved deceleration, and were the approaches to stop sign intersections, right curves, and left curves. Numerical correspondence (absolute validity), relative correspondence (or validity), and interactive (or dynamic) relative validity were analyzed, the latter using correlations developed from canonical correlation. Participants reacted to the rumble strips, in relation to their deceleration pattern on the control road, in very similar ways in both the instrumented car and simulator experiments, establishing the relative validities. However, participants generally drove faster in the instrumented car than the simulator, resulting in absolute validity not being established.
This article was published in Accid Anal Prev
and referenced in Journal of Ergonomics