alexa Drug penetration as studied by noninvasive methods: fourier transform infrared-attenuated total reflection, fourier transform infrared, and ultraviolet photoacoustic spectroscopy.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Hanh BD, Neubert RH, Wartewig S, Christ A, Hentzsch C

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Abstract The penetration of the drugs dithranol and methoxsalen from semisolid Vaseline formulation into an artificial dodecanol-collodion membrane was followed by three spectroscopic methods; they are, step-scan Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS) with phase modulation, FTIR-attenuated total reflection (FTIR-ATR), and ultraviolet (UV) PAS. The uptake of the drug in the membrane was quantified by monitoring the dependence of an appropriate drug band on the penetration time. The PAS experiments were carried out with various modulation frequencies for generating various sampling depths. Based on Fick's second law, the diffusion coefficient was derived by numerical fitting of the experimental data. It appears that the diffusion coefficient for the drug in the membrane depends on the distance. The comparative studies demonstrate that FTIR-ATR is favored for permeation studies, whereas the PAS techniques are capable of providing the drug penetration profile in the membrane. Thus, extended experimental data are available for new insight into the penetration process. However, because of the photacoustic cells at hand, PAS is only suitable for in vitro studies.
This article was published in J Pharm Sci and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

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