Author(s): MacKenzie RS, Melan MA, Passey DK, WittEnderby PA
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Abstract In this investigation, we wanted to determine whether MT(1) or MT(2) melatonin receptors are capable of coupling to the phosphoinositide (PI) signal transduction cascade. In addition, we wanted to assess the effects of chronic melatonin exposure on MT(1) and MT(2) melatonin receptor-mediated stimulation of PI hydrolysis. We also assessed the effects of chronic melatonin exposure on other parameters of the MT(2) melatonin receptor function including total specific 2-[125I]-iodomelatonin binding, the affinity of melatonin for the receptor, and melatonin (1nM)-mediated inhibition of cyclic 3',5'-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) accumulation. Investigation of the PI signal transduction cascade activated by either the MT(1) or MT(2) melatonin receptor expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells showed that melatonin (1pM to 1mM) was able to stimulate the formation of PIs to approximately 40-60\% over basal [EC(50): MT(1)=29nM (2-300nM) and MT(2)=1.1nM (0.32-3.5nM), N=5]. This response was mediated via receptors based upon the findings that melatonin did not stimulate the formation of PIs in CHO cells devoid of receptor and that antagonism of MT(2) melatonin receptors by 4P-PDOT (AH 024; 4-phenyl-2-propionamidotetralin) attenuated melatonin-mediated stimulation of PI hydrolysis in CHO cells expressing the MT(2) melatonin receptor. The consequence of chronic melatonin exposure on MT(1) and MT(2) receptor function was also examined. Pretreatment of either MT(1)- or MT(2)-CHO cells with melatonin (1 microM for 5hr) resulted in: (a) a complete loss of melatonin-mediated stimulation of PI hydrolysis, and (b) an attenuation of melatonin (1nM)-mediated inhibition of forskolin-induced cAMP accumulation by approximately 20-40\%. The desensitization of the PI hydrolysis signal transduction cascades coupled to either MT(1) or MT(2) melatonin receptors following chronic melatonin exposure was not due to depleted phospholipid pools, to elevated basal levels, or to decreases in receptor affinity and density. This dual coupling of melatonin receptors to different signal transduction cascades may contribute to the diversity of melatonin receptor function in vivo.
This article was published in Biochem Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism