Author(s): Karaveliolu Y, Kalk M, Sarak T
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Abstract The median arcuate ligament is a fibrous band connecting the left and right diaphragmatic crura across the aortic hiatus at the level of the T12/L1 vertebral bodies. The low insertion point of this ligament causes significant stenosis of the proximal portion of the coeliac artery in a small group of patients, and contributes to ischemic symptoms known as coeliac artery compression syndrome (CACS). It is also referred to as median arcuate ligament syndrome or Dunbar syndrome. Symptoms include especially postprandial epigastric or retrosternal pain, weight loss, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and reduced appetite. In severe cases, exercise related abdominal pain may be caused by steal phenomenon, whereby blood is shunted to the skin and relevant muscles during exercise. Computed tomographic angiography and mesenteric angiography are the gold standard diagnostic modalities to confirm diagnosis of CACS. Surgical therapy with release of the median arcuate ligament usually is the primary treatment of choice. Here, we present a 46-year-old male CACS patient with postprandial and especially exercise-induced retrosternal pain radiating to the epigastric region, which may be misperceived as a coronary symptom.
This article was published in Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports