alexa Dynamic Effects of Free Chlorine Concentration, Organic Load, and Exposure Time on the Inactivation of Salmonella, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Non-O157 Shiga Toxin-Producing E. coli
Nutrition

Nutrition

Research & Reviews: Journal of Food and Dairy Technology

Author(s): CANGLIANG SHEN, YAGUANG LUO, XIANGWU NOU, QIN WANG, PATRICIA MILLNER

Abstract Share this page

This study evaluated the dynamic effects of free-chlorine (FC) concentration, contact time, and organic load on the inactivation of Salmonella, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) in suspension. Bacterial cells from four strains each of Salmonella, E. coli O157:H7, and non-O157 STEC were inoculated separately or as a multistrain cocktail into solutions with varying FC concentrations. Lettuce or tomato extract was used to simulate the organic matter present during commercial fresh and fresh-cut produce wash operations. After exposure to FC for various lengths of time, the bacterial survival and water-quality changes were determined. In the absence of organic matter in a wash solution, pathogen inactivation is primarily a function of initial FC concentration (P < 0.0001), exposure time (P < 0.0001), and pathogen strains (P < 0.0001). In general, an over 4.5-log CFU/ml pathogen reduction was found after exposure to >0.5 mg/liter FC for over 30 s, or to >1.0 mg/liter FC for over 5 s. When the combination of FC concentration and contact time were less than or equal to the above conditions, survival of pathogens was strain dependant and ranked as: Salmonella > E. coli O157:H7 > non-O157 STEC. When organic matter was present in the wash solution, pathogen inactivation efficacy was specifically dependent on the residual FC concentration, which directly relates to both the initial FC concentration and the organic load. Prevention of pathogen survival in chlorinated produce wash solutions can be achieved by maintaining sufficient FC concentration and reducing the accumulation of organic matter.

This article was published in J Food Prot and referenced in Research & Reviews: Journal of Food and Dairy Technology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords