Author(s): De Smet H, De Wachter B, Lobinski R, Blust R
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Abstract Cadmium concentrations, (Cd,Zn)-metallothionein (MT) concentrations, MT synthesis and the relative amounts of cadmium bound to (Cd,Zn)-MTs were determined in gills, liver and kidney of common carp Cyprinus carpio exposed to 0, 0.5 microM (0.06 mg.l(-1)), 2.5 microM (0.28 mg.l(-1)) and 7 microM (0.79 mg.l(-1)) Cd for up to 29 days. Cadmium accumulation was in the order kidney > liver > gills. Control levels of hepatic (Cd,Zn)-MT were four times higher compared to those of gills and kidney. No increases in (Cd,Zn)-MT concentrations were observed in liver during the exposure period. In comparison with control carp, (Cd,Zn)-MT concentrations increased up to 4.5 times in kidney and two times in gills. In both these organs, (Cd,Zn)-MT concentrations were linearly related with cadmium tissue levels and with the de novo synthesis of MTs. Hepatic cadmium was almost completely bound to (Cd,Zn)-MT, while percentages of non-MT-bound cadmium were at least 40\% in gills and 25\% in kidney. This corresponded with a total saturation of (Cd,Zn)-MT by cadmium in kidney and a saturation of approximately 50 and 60\% in gills and liver, respectively. The final order of non-MT-bound cadmium was kidney > gills > liver. Our results indicate that cadmium exposure causes toxic effects, which cannot be correlated with the accumulated levels of the metal in tissues. Although cadmium clearly leads to the de novo synthesis of MT and higher (Cd,Zn)-MT concentrations, the role of this protein in the detoxification process is clearly organ-specific and its synthesis does not keep track with cadmium accumulation.
This article was published in Aquat Toxicol
and referenced in International Journal of Waste Resources