Author(s): Wang X, Simeoni L, Lindquist JA, SaezRodriguez J, Ambach A,
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Abstract Engagement of the TCR can induce different functional outcomes such as activation, proliferation, survival, or apoptosis. How the TCR-mediated signaling cascades generating these distinct cellular responses are organized on the molecular level is so far not completely understood. To obtain insight into this question, we analyzed TCR/CD8-mediated signaling events in mature OT-I TCR transgenic T cells under conditions of stimulation that lead to either proliferation or apoptosis. These experiments revealed major differences in the phosphorylation dynamics of LAT, ZAP70, protein kinase B, phospholipase C-gamma1, protein kinase D1, and ERK1/2. Moreover, input signals leading to apoptosis induced a strong, but transient activation of ERK1/2 mainly at sites of TCR-engagement. In contrast, stimuli promoting survival/proliferation generated a low and sustained activation of ERK1/2, which colocalizes with Ras in recycling endosomal vesicles. The transient activation of ERK1/2 under pro-apoptotic conditions of stimulation is at least partially due to the rapid polyubiquitination and subsequent degradation of ZAP70, whereas the sustained activation of ERK1/2 under survival promoting conditions is paralleled by the induction/phosphorylation of anti-apoptotic molecules such as protein kinase B and Bcl-x(L). Collectively, our data provide signaling signatures that are associated with proliferation or apoptosis of T cells.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology