Author(s): Han R, Campbell KP
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Abstract The ability to repair membrane damage is conserved across eukaryotic cells and is necessary for the cells to survive a variety of physiological and pathological membrane disruptions. Membrane repair is mediated by rapid Ca(2+)-triggered exocytosis of various intracellular vesicles, such as lysosomes and enlargeosomes, which lead to the formation of a membrane patch that reseals the membrane lesion. Recent findings suggest a crucial role for dysferlin in this repair process in muscle, possibly as a Ca(2+) sensor that triggers vesicle fusion. The importance of membrane repair is highlighted by the genetic disease, dysferlinopathy, in which the primary defect is the loss of Ca(2+)-regulated membrane repair due to dysferlin deficiency. Future research on dysferlin and its interacting partners will enhance the understanding of this important process and provide novel avenues to potential therapies.
This article was published in Curr Opin Cell Biol
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy