alexa Dysregulation of macrophage activation by decidual regulatory T cells in unexplained recurrent miscarriage patients.
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders: Current Research

Author(s): Wang WJ, Hao CF, Lin QD

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Abstract CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells (Treg cells) and macrophages play roles in the maintenance of maternal-fetal immunological tolerance. Treg cells suppress the function of macrophages via mechanisms mediated by cell-cell contact and production of soluble factors. The purpose of this study was to investigate regulation of macrophages by Treg cells within decidua from patients with unexplained recurrent miscarriage (RM) and normal control women during early pregnancy. Treg cells and macrophages were isolated from deciduas of unexplained RM (n=15) and control women (n=15) by magnetic cell separation and co-cultured for six days. Regulation of macrophages by Treg cells was assessed in the presence and absence of neutralizing anti-TGFβ antibodies and in transwell experiments. Expression of CD80, CD86, IL10, and IFNγ by macrophages was measured by flow cytometry or ELISA. Macrophage expression of CD80 and CD86 was higher in deciduas of unexplained RM patients compared with controls whereas the expression of IL10 was lower. There was no difference in the expression of IFNγ by macrophages between the two groups. Treg cells inhibited macrophage expression of CD80, CD86 and IFNγ and increased the expression of IL10. The regulatory effects of Treg cells were abrogated in the presence of neutralizing anti-TGFβ antibodies or by transwell culture. The phenotype of macrophages therefore differed in unexplained RM patients compared with normal early pregnant subjects. Macrophage regulation by Treg cells was shown to be mediated by cell-cell contact and TGFβ and this capacity was decreased in unexplained RM patients. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in J Reprod Immunol and referenced in Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders: Current Research

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