alexa Dysregulation of muscle glycogen synthase in recovery from exercise in type 2 diabetes.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Metabolomics:Open Access

Author(s): Pedersen AJ, Hingst JR, Friedrichsen M, Kristensen JM, Hjlund K,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Insulin and exercise stimulate skeletal muscle glycogen synthase (GS) activity by dephosphorylation and changes in kinetic properties. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of insulin, exercise and post-exercise insulin stimulation on GS phosphorylation, activity and substrate affinity in obesity and type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Obese men with type 2 diabetes (n = 13) and weight-matched controls (n = 14) underwent euglycaemic-hyperinsulinaemic clamps in the rested state and 3 h after 60 min of cycling (70\% maximal pulmonary oxygen uptake [VO2max]). Biopsies from vastus lateralis muscle were obtained before and after clamps, and before and immediately after exercise. RESULTS: Insulin-stimulated glucose uptake was lower in diabetic patients vs obese controls with or without prior exercise. Post exercise, glucose partitioning shifted away from oxidation and towards storage in both groups. Insulin and, more potently, exercise increased GS activity (fractional velocity [FV]) and substrate affinity in both groups. Both stimuli caused dephosphorylation of GS at sites 3a + 3b, with exercise additionally decreasing phosphorylation at sites 2 + 2a. In both groups, changes in GS activity, substrate affinity and dephosphorylation at sites 3a + 3b by exercise were sustained 3 h post exercise and further enhanced by insulin. Post exercise, reduced GS activity and substrate affinity as well as increased phosphorylation at sites 2 + 2a were found in diabetic patients vs obese controls. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Exercise-induced activation of muscle GS in obesity and type 2 diabetes involves dephosphorylation of GS at sites 3a + 3b and 2 + 2a and enhanced substrate affinity, which is likely to facilitate glucose partitioning towards storage. Lower GS activity and increased phosphorylation at sites 2 + 2a in type 2 diabetes in the recovery period imply an impaired response to exercise. This article was published in Diabetologia and referenced in Metabolomics:Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords