Author(s): Disatnik MH, Chamberlain JS, Rando TA, Disatnik MH, Chamberlain JS, Rando TA
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Abstract Mutations in the dystrophin gene that lead to the expression of truncated forms of the dystrophin protein cause muscular dystrophies of varying severities both in humans and in mice. We have shown previously that dystrophin-deficient muscle is more susceptible to oxidative injury than is normal muscle. In this report, we have used muscle cells derived from mdx mice, which express no dystrophin, and mdx-transgenic strains that express full-length dystrophin or truncated forms of dystrophin to explore further the relationship between dystrophin expression and susceptibility of muscle to oxidative injury. We show that, when differentiated into myotubes, the relative susceptibility of the cell populations to oxidative stress correlates with the severity of the dystrophy in the strain from which the cells were isolated. The most susceptible populations exhibited the greatest oxidative damage as assessed by protein oxidation. Thus, the relative efficacy of truncated dystrophin proteins to protect muscle from necrotic degeneration in vivo is predicted by their ability to protect muscle cells from free radical mediated injury. These findings support the hypothesis that the dystrophin protein complex may have important regulatory or signaling properties in terms of cell survival and antioxidant defense mechanisms. Copyright 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
This article was published in Muscle Nerve
and referenced in International Journal of Inflammation, Cancer and Integrative Therapy