Author(s): Hakim SG, Schroder C, Geerling G, Lauer I, Wedel T,
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Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate scintigraphic, immunohistological and ultrastructural changes associated with radiation-induced dysfunction of the lachrymal gland in an established experimental animal model. Ten rabbits were randomized into two groups and used for the study; in the control as well as experimental group, the Schirmer-test, lachrymal gland scintigraphy, and immunohistological and ultrastructural investigations were carried out prior to irradiation and 72 h as well as 1 month after single-dose irradiation with 15 Gy. Seventy-two hours after irradiation, secretion reduction evaluated by the Schirmer-test was evident. At this phase, we could observe a decrease in the expression of alpha-SMA and a re-distribution of tenascin-C matrix. Ultrastructural changes of acinar and myoepithelial cells were noticed; simultaneously, disturbance in the primary (99m)TcO(4)- uptake as well as significant reduction of the lachrymal ejection fraction was assessed scintigraphically. These changes were still evident 1 month following irradiation but became less intensive. Single-dose irradiation with 15 Gy implicates a functional impairment of the lachrymal gland, which is associated with early immunohistological and ultrastructural alterations. These changes may represent objective surrogate parameters for radiogenic dysfunction and prerequisites for further investigations on radioprotection of lachrymal glands during radiotherapy of the periorbital region.
This article was published in Int J Exp Pathol
and referenced in Journal of Computer Science & Systems Biology