Author(s): Railton GT, Aronstam A
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Abstract The clinical features, management and outcome of bleeding into the muscles of the upper limb of 44 patients are reported. Of 158 episodes of bleeding, 99\% were treated within two hours of onset of symptoms and the mean time to complete restoration of function was 2.1 days. The most frequent site of bleeding was the deltoid muscle (24\%), followed by the forearm flexors (23.5\%), brachioradialis (19.5\%), biceps (14\%), forearm extensors (11\%) and triceps (8\%). The majority of bleeds presented with pain, either on movement or at rest, or with tenderness. Bleeds into the biceps required the most transfusions (mean 2.00) and took the longest to resolve (mean 4 days). Bleeding into the flexors and extensors of the forearm resolved most rapidly. The policy of early treatment has been shown to be effective in prompting early and complete recovery.
This article was published in J Bone Joint Surg Br
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy