alexa Early defects of GABAergic synapses in the brain stem of a MeCP2 mouse model of Rett syndrome.


Autism-Open Access

Author(s): Medrihan L, Tantalaki E, Aramuni G, Sargsyan V, Dudanova I,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Rett syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder caused by mutations in the transcriptional repressor methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2) and represents the leading genetic cause for mental retardation in girls. MeCP2-mutant mice have been generated to study the molecular mechanisms of the disease. It was suggested that an imbalance between excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmission is responsible for the behavioral abnormalities, although it remained largely unclear which synaptic components are affected and how cellular impairments relate to the time course of the disease. Here, we report that MeCP2 KO mice present an imbalance between inhibitory and excitatory synaptic transmission in the ventrolateral medulla already at postnatal day 7. Focusing on the inhibitory synaptic transmission we show that GABAergic, but not glycinergic, synaptic transmission is strongly depressed in MeCP2 KO mice. These alterations are presumably due to both decreased presynaptic gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) release with reduced levels of the vesicular inhibitory transmitter transporter and reduced levels of postsynaptic GABA(A)-receptor subunits alpha2 and alpha4. Our data indicate that in the MeCP2 -/y mice specific synaptic molecules and signaling pathways are impaired in the brain stem during early postnatal development. These observations mandate the search for more refined diagnostic tools and may provide a rationale for the timing of future therapeutic interventions in Rett patients. This article was published in J Neurophysiol and referenced in Autism-Open Access

Recommended Conferences

  • International Conference on Social Sciences & Interdisciplinary Studies
    August 07-17 London, UK
  • 3rd International Conference on Autism
    Aug 21-22, 2017 Los Angeles, USA
  • 3rd International Conference on Epilepsy and Treatment
    September 01-17 Brussels, Belgium

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version