Author(s): Pinomki A, Volin L, JoutsiKorhonen L, Virtanen JO, Lemponen M,
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Abstract The evolution of coagulation and fibrinolysis has not been thoroughly evaluated in allogeneic SCT. In this pilot study, we characterized the adaptive mechanisms of coagulation and fibrinolysis during allogeneic SCT and 3-month follow-up and studied possible associations with outcome, including acute GVHD. Thirty patients underwent SCT for a haematological malignancy after myeloablative conditioning. Nineteen patients received the transplant from an HLA-identical sibling and 11 from an unrelated donor. GVHD prophylaxis consisted of CYA and MTX, with methylprednisolone in sibling transplants. Serial coagulation and fibrinolytic activity markers were assessed, including prothrombin fragments 1+2 (F1+2), thrombin time, D-dimer, tissue-type plasminogen-activator (tPA) and plasminogen-activator inhibitor (PAI-1). Early during conditioning therapy, F1+2 and D-dimer increased threefold indicating thrombin generation and fibrin turnover. TPA activity peaked before engraftment, concurring with diminished PAI-1. At 10 days after transplantation shortened thrombin time (<15 s), F1+2 exceeding 0.7 nmol/L and PAI-1 3.0 IU/mL were associated with the development of GVHD. In conclusion, early maladaptation, that is, upregulated thrombin generation and inhibition of fibrinolysis, occurred in one-third of the SCT patients associating with the development of GVHD, a finding suggesting an interplay between coagulation and immunology during SCT.
This article was published in Bone Marrow Transplant
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy