Author(s): Gonalves S, Barros V, Rui Gomes A
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To evaluate dysfunctional eating behaviour, self-esteem, social physique anxiety and quality of life in adolescents with type 1 diabetes who have differing desired weights and to evaluate the predictors of dysfunctional eating behaviour in these adolescents, with a focus on personal and psychological variables. METHODS: We evaluated 79 adolescents with type 1 diabetes (mean age of 15.71 years) of both sexes (58.2\% females) using the Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), the Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS-R) and the Diabetes Quality of Life (DQoL) measure. RESULTS: Of the adolescents, 44 with type 1 diabetes reported the desire to maintain or increase their current weight, and 35 reported the desire to reduce their current weight. The participants with the desire to weigh less were mainly females who exercised regularly and demonstrated more frequent binge eating and purging. Additionally, this group exhibited an increased frequency of eating disturbances, such as restraint and eating, weight and shape concerns. Moreover, this group demonstrated increased social physique anxiety and decreased diabetes quality of life in relation to the impact of diabetes, worries about diabetes and satisfaction with life. Finally, predictors of eating disturbances included the desire for lower weight, higher social physique anxiety and lower diabetes-related quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: The desire for a lower weight in adolescents with type 1 diabetes may increase problems related to eating behaviour and general quality of life. Copyright © 2016 Canadian Diabetes Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Can J Diabetes
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy