alexa Ebselen, a selenoorganic compound as glutathione peroxidase mimic.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Sies H

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The selenoorganic compound ebselen, 2-phenyl-1,2-benzisoselenazol-3(2H)-one, exhibits activity as an enzyme mimic. The reaction catalyzed is that of a glutathione (GSH) peroxidase (i.e., the reduction of a hydroperoxide at the expense of thiol). The specificity for substrates ranges from hydrogen peroxide and smaller organic hydroperoxides to membrane-bound phospholipid and cholesterol hydroperoxides. In addition to glutathione, the thiol reductant cosubstrate can be dithioerythritol, N-acetylcysteine or dihydrolipoate, or other suitable thiol compounds. Ebselen also has properties such as free radical and singlet oxygen quenching. Model experiments in vitro with liposomes, microsomes, isolated cells, and organs show that the protection against oxidative challenge afforded by ebselen can be explained largely by the activity as GSH peroxidase mimic. Whether this also explains the known preliminary results in clinical settings is yet open. The metabolism and disposition of ebselen is presented in this review. The main point is that the selenium is not bioavailable, explaining the extremely low toxicity observed in animal studies. The occurrence of natural GPx mimics, ovothiol and related compounds, is briefly mentioned.
This article was published in Free Radic Biol Med and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version