Author(s): Nasrieh MA, AbdelHafez SK, Nasrieh MA, AbdelHafez SK
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Abstract The Enzyme linked immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), indirect haemagglutination (IHA), and immunoblot techniques (IB) were used for the serodiagnosis of surgically confirmed cystic echinococcosis (CE) caused by the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. Antigens used for the detection of IgG or total antibodies included crude sheep hydatid fluid (CSHF), autoclaved antigen B (AAB), boiled antigen B (BAB), and homogenate protoscoleces antigen (HPA). The overall sensitivity of the ELISA and IHA tests used for the serodiagnosis of 57 surgically confirmed human cases was 91.2\% and 68.4\%, respectively. The sensitivity of both tests was comparable in groups whose sera were collected one week before surgery and up to one year after surgery at 95.8\% and 87.5\%, respectively. In contrast, the sensitivity of the ELISA was significantly higher than that of IHA for sera of patients collected after one year of surgery. There was a positive correlation (r = 0.61) between the titers of antibodies detected by the ELISA and IHA. Using the IB technique, antigen B fractions (8/12, 16, and 24 KDa) were detectable by sera of 68.4\% using either CSHF or AAB, 49.1\% using BAB and 22.8\% using HPA as detecting antigens. The overall sensitivity of the three AgB fractions was identical or similar to that of the 8/12 KDa fraction alone, indicating that the detection of the latter fraction is sufficient for the serodiagnosis of CE infection in humans. In conclusion, the ELISA is the test of choice for the serodiagnosis of CE and the follow up of cases following surgery using CSHF as an antigen. The IB test is a confirmatory test when antigen B fractions of CSHF or AAB are detected.
This article was published in Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis
and referenced in Tropical Medicine & Surgery