Author(s): Anabwani GM, Book W, Bonhoeffer P
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Echocardiographic (ECHO) findings in 211 consecutive examinations performed at Eldoret Medical Services from August 1992 to May 1994 were analysed. Most patients were referred by physicians from Eldoret and from the surrounding hospitals for assessment of heart failure or a heart murmur. Thirty three echocardiograms were judged as being normal and 177 abnormal. Of the abnormal ECHOs, congenital heart disease accounted for 38.4\% while rheumatic heart disease accounted for 40.7\%: Of the 68 patients with congenital defects, 21 (30.1\%) had ventricular septal defects; 19 (27.9\%) persistent ductus arteriosus; five (7.5\%) mitral valve; four (5.9\%) tetralogy of Fallot; and three (4.4\%) atrial septal defects. In addition, there were two (3.0\%) patients each with complete atrio-ventricular septal defects, tricuspid atresia, complete transposition of the great arteries, truncus arteriosus, single ventricle and bicuspid aortic valve. Of the 67 patients with uncomplicated rheumatic heart disease, mitral valve involvement alone was seen in 39 (58.2\%), mitral and aortic in 26 (38.8\%) and aortic valve alone in two (3.0\%). Rheumatic heart disease was complicated by bacterial endocarditis in five patients. Nine patients had pericardial effusion. The possible role of colour-flow ECHO as a feasible, non-invasive and, in the long term, cost-effective means of allowing for early detection and timely institution of secondary prophylaxis while rheumatic heart disease is still asymptomatic is highlighted.
This article was published in East Afr Med J
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology