alexa Education, occupation, and dementia: the Bavarian school sisters study.


Angiology: Open Access

Author(s): Bickel H, Kurz A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND/AIMS: An inverse association of educational level with the occurrence of dementia has been repeatedly demonstrated. The mechanism of this relationship is not yet clear. Studies on populations with different educational and occupational levels but uniform living conditions throughout adult life may serve as a natural experiment and may help to rule out lifestyle and environmental factors as possible explanations. METHODS: We studied the relationship of education, occupational training, and appointment to a leading position with dementia in a cross-sectional study of older female members of a religious order. RESULTS: Out of 517 eligible sisters, 442 (85.5\%) with an average of 54 years membership in the order participated in the study, among which 104 cases of dementia were identified. We found a strong association of low educational and occupational attainment with dementia. The increased risk of dementia was attributable to sisters being poorly educated (age-adjusted OR = 4.5; 95\% CI: 2.0-9.9), not having received any vocational training (OR = 9.1; 95\% CI: 3.9-20.9), and never having been appointed to a leading position (OR = 3.7; 95\% CI: 2.0-7.0). CONCLUSION: In a setting which largely excludes the influence of lifestyle and environmental factors, we observed a strong association between educational variables and dementia. Our findings support the hypothesis of a reserve capacity against the consequences of brain diseases. This article was published in Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord and referenced in Angiology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • International Conference on Angiology
    Oct 16-17, 2017, Budapest, Hungary
  • 21st International Conference on Clinical & Experimental Cardiology
    October 16-18, 2017 Chicago, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version