Author(s): Yamaguchi M, Oishi H
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Abstract The present investigation was undertaken to clarify the interaction of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] and zinc on bone metabolism in tissue culture. Calvaria were removed from weanling rats (3-week-old males) and cultured for periods up to 96 hr in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium (high glucose, 4500 mg/dl) supplemented with antibiotics and bovine serum albumin. The experimental cultures contained 10(-10) to 10(-6) M 1,25(OH)2D3. All cultures were incubated at 37 degree in 5\% CO2/95\% air. Bone calcium content was increased significantly by the presence of 10(-9) to 10(-7) M 1,25(OH)2D3. The steroid (10(-9) to 10(-7) M) also significantly increased alkaline phosphatase activity in the bone, whereas it did not alter significantly acid phosphatase activity. [3H]Leucine incorporation by the bone was raised significantly by 10(-8) to 10(-7) M 1,25(OH)2D3. Furthermore, bone DNA content was increased significantly by 10(-9) to 10(-7) M 1,25(OH)2D3. Meanwhile, the presence of 10(-4) M zinc, which can stimulate bone formation, significantly enhanced the effect of 10(-7) M 1,25(OH)2D3 to increase alkaline phosphatase activity and DNA content in rat calvaria. The present study demonstrates that 1,25(OH)2D3 has a direct stimulatory effect on bone metabolism in tissue culture and that zinc can enhance the steroid effect.
This article was published in Biochem Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine