alexa Effect of aging of recipient oocytes on the development of bovine nuclear transfer embryos in vitro.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Cloning & Transgenesis

Author(s): Takano H, Koyama K, Kozai C, Kato Y, Tsunoda Y

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Abstract The present study was undertaken to examine the effect of the length of in vitro maturation of oocytes on the efficiency of enucleation, parthenogenetic activation and blastomere fusion by electric stimulus. In vitro development of reconstituted oocytes receiving a blastomere from 8 to 16-cell bovine embryos fertilized in vitro was investigated to assess the effect of aging of the oocytes. The proportion of oocytes with a first polar body at 22 to 24 hours after maturation was high (80\%) compared with those obtained at 16 to 18, 28 to 30 or 42 to 44 hours (50 to 75\%). The success rate of enucleation significantly decreased with aging (88, 85, 74 and 55\%). The activation rate significantly increased with the length of maturation in vitro (P<0.01) (1 to 4, 24 to 41, 57 to 70 and 80 to 87\%). The proportion of oocytes fused with a blastomere from 8- to 16-cell embryos was not dependent on the age of the oocytes (54 approximately 59\%). The ability of the reconstituted oocytes to develop to the 2-cell and the 8- to 16-cell stage increased with the length of maturation of recipient oocytes. When oocytes enucleated and a blastomere at 22 to 24 hours were incubated further for 22 to 23 hours until electrofusion. The proportions of oocytes which developed to the 2-cell and the 8- to 16-cell stages (74 and 17\%) were similar to those obtained at 42 to 44 hours after maturation. However, only 1 to 6\% of reconstituted eggs receiving a blastomere from 8- to 16-cell embryos fertilized in vitro developed into a blastocyst in vitro.
This article was published in Theriogenology and referenced in Cloning & Transgenesis

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