Author(s): Schulman D, Latchman DS, Yellon DM
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Abstract Ischemic preconditioning (IP) reduces infarct size in young animals; however, its impact on aging is underinvestigated. The effect of variations in IP stimuli was studied in young, middle-aged, and aged rat hearts. Isolated hearts underwent 35 min of regional ischemia and 120 min of reperfusion. Hearts with IP were subjected to either one ischemia-reperfusion cycle (5 min of ischemia and 5 min of reperfusion per cycle) or three successive cycles before 35 min of regional ischemia. Additional studies investigated the effects of pharmacological preconditioning in aged hearts using the adenosine A(1) receptor agonist 2-chloro-N(6)-cyclopentyladenosine, the protein kinase C analog 1,2-dioctanoyl-sn-glycerol, and the mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP))-channel opener diazoxide. Infarct sizes indicated that the aged rat heart could not be preconditioned via ischemic or pharmacological means. The middle-aged rat heart had a blunted IP response compared with the young adult (only an increased IP stimulus caused a significant reduction in infarct size). These results suggest that there are defects within the IP signaling cascade of the aged heart. Clinical relevance is important if we are to use any IP-like mimetics to the benefit of an aging population.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology