alexa Effect of ammonia on the anaerobic degradation of protein by a mesophilic and thermophilic biowaste population.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

International Journal of Waste Resources

Author(s): Gallert C, Bauer S, Winter J

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The influence of ammonia on the anaerobic degradation of peptone by mesophilic and thermophilic populations of biowaste was investigated. For peptone concentrations from 5 g l-1 to 20 g l-1 the mesophilic population revealed a higher rate of deamination than the thermophilic population, e.g. 552 mg l-1 day-1 compared to 320 mg l-1 day-1 at 10 g l-1 peptone. The final degree of deamination of the thermophilic population was, however, higher: 102 compared to 87 mg NH3/g peptone in the mesophilic cultures. If 0.5-6.5 g l-1 ammonia was added to the mesophilic biowaste cultures, deamination of peptone, degradation of its chemical oxygen demand (COD) and formation of biogas were increasingly inhibited, but no hydrogen was formed. The thermophilic biowaste cultures were most active if around 1 g ammonia l-1 was present. Deamination, COD degradation and biogas production decreased at lower and higher ammonia concentrations and hydrogen was formed in addition to methane. Studies of the inhibition by ammonia of peptone deamination, COD degradation and methane formation revealed a Ki (50\%) for NH3 of 92, 95 and 88 mg l-1 at 37 degrees C and 251, 274 and 297 mg l-1 at 55 degrees C respectively. This indicated that the thermophilic flora tolerated significantly more NH3 than the mesophilic flora. In the mesophilic reactor effluent 4.6 x 10(8) peptone-degrading colony-forming units (cfu)/ml were culturable, whereas in the thermophilic reactor effluent growth of only 5.6 x 10(7) cfu/ml was observed.
This article was published in Appl Microbiol Biotechnol and referenced in International Journal of Waste Resources

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version