Author(s): Bondy SC, Guo SX
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Abstract Dietary administration of ethanol to rats for 2 weeks was able to depress levels of glutathione (GSH) and Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) in several brain regions. This was indicative of the generation of excess levels of reactive oxygen in treated animals. The potentially protective effect of both an NMDA receptor blocker (MK-801) and an internally esterified derivative of ganglioside GM1 (AGF2) upon ethanol-induced changes in these indices of oxidative stress, was studied. Both of these agents are reported to have neuroprotective properties, but neither was able to prevent ethanol-induced reduction of GSH and SOD levels in any brain area studied. In fact, both agents depressed SOD and GSH levels in midbrain independently of ethanol. MK-801 had a pronounced pro-oxidant potential, and when administered in combination with ethanol. GSH and SOD were reduced in midbrain and striatum to levels below those obtained with either agent alone. The pro-oxidant properties of ethanol may thus act independently of its actions upon the NMDA receptor. The protective properties of NMDA receptor inhibitors or gangliosides cannot be attributed to any antioxidant effect.
This article was published in Brain Res
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals