Author(s): Nowak D, Pietras T, Antczak A, Krl M, Piasecka G, Nowak D, Pietras T, Antczak A, Krl M, Piasecka G
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Abstract The influence of lipopolysaccharide from Escherichia coli (LPS, 17 mg/kg body weight) on the lipid peroxidation process in organs of mice was studied. The content of conjugated dienes (CD), lipid peroxides (LP), malondialdehyde (MDA) (all three lipid peroxidation by-products), peroxidase (PO) activity and wet-to-dry weight ratio in lungs, heart, spleen, kidneys and liver were determined 1.5 h after intravenous injection of LPS. Animals observed at this time-point had reduced activity and decreased body temperature by about 2 degrees C, however, all analysed organs did not reveal any changes of wet-to-dry weight ratio comparing to organs from mice injected with sterile, pyrogen free 0.9\% NaCl. Only extracts from heart and lungs showed significant increase in the tissue level of at least two lipid peroxidation products. The heart content of CD, MDA, and LP was about 1.5-, 1.3-, and 2.4-fold higher than in control group. In lungs CD and MDA increased 3.3- and 1.3-times but in spleen only content of LP was elevated. In these organs the suppression of PO activity was also observed. Liver and kidneys did not reveal any convincing enhancement of lipid peroxidation process and alterations of PO activity. Since free radical reactions are involved in lipid peroxidation process and inactivation of PO these results suggest that heart, lungs and spleen are the organs mostly exposed to oxidative stress during the first 1.5 h after single injection of LPS in mice.
This article was published in Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology