Author(s): Xaubet A, Mullol J, RocaFerrer J, Pujols L, Fuentes M,
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Abstract We investigated the effect of budesonide and nedocromil sodium on the secretion of IL-6 and IL-8 by cultured epithelial cells from healthy nasal mucosa and nasal polyps. Human epithelial cell conditioned media was generated with fetal calf serum (FCS) in the presence or absence of budesonide and/or nedocromil sodium. Budesonide inhibited FCS-induced IL-6 and IL-8 release in a dose-dependent manner. The IC25 (25\% inhibitory concentration) of budesonide on IL-6 release was higher in nasal polyp than in nasal mucosa epithelial cells (34 nM vs. 200 pM). The IC25 of budesonide on IL-8 release was higher in nasal mucosa than in nasal polyps (145 pM vs. 4 pM). Nedocromil sodium caused a dose-related inhibitory effect on IL-8 release from nasal mucosa (IC25, 207 nM), while it only had a significant effect in nasal polyps at 10(-5) M. Nedocromil sodium had no effect on IL-6 release. The inhibitory effect of budesonide was higher than that of nedocromil sodium on both nasal polyps and nasal mucosa. Budesonide and nedocromil sodium may exert their anti-inflammatory action in the respiratory mucosa by modulating the secretion of IL-6 and IL-8. The different effect of budesonide and nedocromil sodium on IL-6 and IL-8 release may be explained by differences in the mechanisms which regulate the upregulation of these cytokines in inflammatory responses.
This article was published in Respir Med
and referenced in Journal of Orthopedic Oncology