alexa Effect of chemical deglycosylation of ricin A chain on the in vivo fate and cytotoxic activity of an immunotoxin composed of ricin A chain and anti-Thy 1.1 antibody.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

Author(s): Blakey DC, Watson GJ, Knowles PP, Thorpe PE

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The carbohydrate present on ricin A chain causes ricin A chain immunotoxins to be cleared rapidly in animals by the reticuloendothelial system. In an effort to overcome this problem we destroyed the carbohydrate on ricin A chain by treating it with a mixture of sodium metaperiodate and sodium cyanoborohydride and then linked the "deglycosylated" A chain to monoclonal anti-Thy 1.1 antibody. The deglycosylation procedure did not affect the ability of the A chain component of the immunotoxin to inhibit protein synthesis in a cell-free system or the capacity of the immunotoxin to inhibit protein synthesis in Thy-1.1 positive lymphoma cells in vitro. Immunotoxins prepared with deglycosylated A chain were cleared from the bloodstream of mice more slowly than native ricin A chain immunotoxins. The difference in the blood clearance rates of the two immunotoxins could be accounted for by a decreased entrapment of the deglycosylated ricin A chain immunotoxin by the liver. Both immunotoxins broke down in vivo with the appearance of free antibody in the bloodstream. The site of cleavage of the immunotoxin was possibly the liver because immunotoxins taken up by it rapidly became unreactive with antiricin but retained reactivity with anti-mouse immunoglobulin G suggesting that dissociation of the A chain from the antibody had occurred. The immunotoxins taken up by the liver were metabolized further and the acid insoluble radioactive metabolites gradually accumulated in the stomach, thyroid, and salivary gland. The deglycosylated ricin A chain immunotoxin should be a more effective antitumor agent in vivo because it is cleared from the blood more slowly and so has greater opportunity to localize within the tumor target.
This article was published in Cancer Res and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

OMICS International Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version