alexa Effect of chemotherapy for acute myelogenous leukemia on hematopoietic and fibroblast marrow progenitors
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Author(s): C CarloStella, A Tabilio, G Meloni

Abstract Share this page

Since reduced marrow cellularity and prolonged pancytopenia following autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) have been frequently observed in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) included in the AML10 GIMEMA/EORTC trial, the question was raised to what extent hematopoietic and microenvironmental progenitor cells were involved in these patients. Marrow hematopoietic progenitors were investigated by a short-term methylcellulose assay quantitating multipotent CFU-Mix, erythroid BFU-E and granulocyte-macrophage CFU-GM, as well as a long-term assay quantitating long-term culture-initiating cells (LTC-IC). The marrow microenvironment was studied by evaluating the incidence of fibroblastoid progenitors (CFU-F) and the capacity of stromal layers to support allogeneic hematopoietic progenitors. As compared to normal controls (n = 57), AML patients (n = 26) showed a statistically significant reduction of the mean (+/-s.e.m.) number of CFU-Mix (5.3 +/- 0.6 vs 0.8 +/- 0.2, P < or = 0.0001), BFU-E (68 +/- 5 vs 20 +/- 4, P < or = 0.0001), CFU-GM (198 +/- 11 vs 144 +/- 15, P < or = 0.008), and LTC-IC (302 +/- 46 vs 50 +/- 8, P < or = 0.001). The mean (+/-s.e.m.) incidence of marrow CFU-F was not significantly reduced as compared to normal controls (48 +/- 6 vs 52 +/- 7, P < or = 0.73). Seventeen AML stromal layers were tested for their capacity to support the growth of allogeneic hematopoietic progenitors. Seven samples failed to support any progenitor cell growth, seven had a significantly lower supportive activity as compared to normal stromal layers (13 +/- 5 vs 249 +/- 56, P < or = 0.002), whereas three cultures could not be analyzed due to contamination. In conclusion, induction and consolidation regimens used in AML patients of the AML10 protocol induce a markedly defective in vitro growth of primitive hematopoietic progenitors and a severe functional defect of marrow stroma. The association of hematopoietic with microenvironmental damage might play a key role in the delayed hematopoietic regeneration observed following ABMT in patients of the AML10 trial.

This article was published in Bone Marrow Transplant and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords