Author(s): Venkateswara Rao J, Parvathi K, Kavitha P, Jakka NM, Pallela R
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Abstract The acute toxicity of chlorpyrifos and monocrotophos to subterranean termites, Odontotermes obesus (Rambur), has been studied by a paper contact method. The LC50 values for chlorpyrifos and monocrotophos were 0.046 and 0.148 microg cm(-2), respectively. Chlorpyrifos was 3.22-fold more toxic than monocrotophos. The effect of the pesticides on locomotor behaviour (velocity) and head acetylcholinesterase (AChE: EC 188.8.131.52) activity was estimated in LC50-exposed termites at intervals of 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 h. Chlorpyrifos- and monocrotophos-treated termites showed, respectively, 97 and 88\% reduction in locomotor behaviour (velocity) after 24 h. At all time intervals the chlorpyrifos-treated termites exhibited more AChE inhibition and showed greater distorted behaviour than those exposed to monocrotophos. In vitro studies indicated that the I50 value (50\% inhibition) for chlorpyrifos against AChE was 8.75 times that of monocrotophos. Copyright 2004 Society of Chemical Industry.
This article was published in Pest Manag Sci
and referenced in Journal of Biodiversity, Bioprospecting and Development