alexa Effect of cigarette smoke on oral peroxidase activity in human saliva: role of hydrogen cyanide.
Materials Science

Materials Science

Journal of Nanomedicine & Biotherapeutic Discovery

Author(s): Klein I, Nagler RM, Toffler R, van Der Vliet A, Reznick AZ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Peroxidase activity in human saliva is composed of salivary peroxidase (80\%), of salivary glandular origin, and myeloperoxidase (20\%), of leukocyte origin. The term oral peroxidase (OPO) is used here to denote the total activity of both peroxidase species. Using the 2-nitrobenzoic acid-thiocyanate assay, OPO activity was measured in the saliva of nonsmokers after exposure to gas-phase cigarette smoke (CS) in an in vitro system using three puffs of CS in 1 h. A marked decrease of 76\% of activity was observed following three puffs of CS. In order to elucidate the mechanism by which CS caused loss of OPO activity, several oxidants and antioxidants were applied to saliva in vitro in the presence and absence of CS. No protection for CS-induced loss of OPO activity occurred in the presence of glutathione, N-acetylcysteine, ascorbic acid, or Desferal. Exposure of saliva to purified aldehydes present in CS did not significantly affect OPO loss of activity. Similarly, ascorbic acid in the presence of FeCl(3) and nicotine also had no effect on OPO activity. Exposure of OPO to cyanate at levels present in CS caused a 65-70\% loss of OPO activity, which was reversible after 24 h of dialysis. Moreover, hydroxocobalamin, a known cyanate chelator, could prevent CS- and potassium cyanide-induced inactivation of OPO by 70-90\%. The results show that hydrogen cyanide, known to be present in microgram amounts per cigarette, is likely to be the species in CS responsible for loss of salivary OPO activity. The finding of reduced salivary OPO levels after CS exposure may represent a contributory mechanism for CS-related compromises in antimicrobial defenses in the aerodigestive tract.
This article was published in Free Radic Biol Med and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Biotherapeutic Discovery

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords