alexa Effect of cilostazol on experimental diabetic neuropathy in the rat.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Kihara M, Schmelzer JD, Low PA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Two proposed mechanisms of diabetic neuropathy are microvascular ischaemia and a reduction in Na,K-ATPase activity. We evaluated the effect of cilostazol, a drug that is both a potent phosphodiesterase inhibitor that normalizes nerve Na,K-AT-Pase and a vasodilator, on nerve blood flow (NBF) to determine whether it would improve experimental diabetic neuropathy. We examined whether epineurally applied cilostazol acted as a vasodilator on the peripheral nerve of normal and diabetic rats, and whether feeding the rats a cilostazol-supplemented diet could improve diabetic neuropathy. Cilostazol increased nerve blood flow (NBF) in a dose-dependent fashion with an EC50 of 10(-5.74) mol/l. Cilostazol also normalized NBF in experimental diabetic neuropathy with a 10(-4) mol/l local application on the sciatic nerve. In diabetic neuropathy, a cilostazol-supplemented diet improved both NBF and nerve conduction in a dose- and time-dependent fashion. Potential mechanisms of action of cilostazol on the nerve include its effect on NBF, Na, K-ATPase, and restoration of the thromboxane:prostacyclin ratio. Cilostazol may have potential in the treatment of diabetic neuropathy.
This article was published in Diabetologia and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version