Author(s): Saison C, PerrinGanier C, Schiavon M, Morel JL
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Abstract This study examined the effect of regular tillage and cropping on the dissipation rate of PAHs in contaminated soil. Lysimeters were placed under natural climatic conditions for 2 years and designed to measure the concentration of PAHs in soil and leachates and their toxicity. The soil initially contained 2077 microg PAHs g(-1). The largest decrease in PAHs concentration occurred during the first 6 months. No further significant decrease was observed after this time. The surface soil layer always contained significantly less PAHs than the deeper layer, regardless of the treatments. Less than 8.4 x 10(-8)\% of the PAH initially present in the soil (e.g. less or equal to 33 microg PAHs per lysimeter) were leached from the soils during the experiment and the leachates presented no toxicity (as measured by the Microtox test). The toxicity of the soils decreased with time and was significantly lower on the cropped soil compared to the other treatments, despite the residual concentration of PAHs being the highest in this soil. This study demonstrated that the dissipation rates of PAHs were slow after using natural attenuation even when tillage and cropping were performed at the soil surface.
This article was published in Environ Pollut
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation