alexa Effect of cross-linked hemoglobin on functionality and viability of microencapsulated pancreatic islets.
Surgery

Surgery

Surgery: Current Research

Author(s): Chae SY, Kim SW, Bae YH

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Of many obstacles involved in developing a bioartificial pancreas, which consists of encapsulated and physically immunoprotected islets, for long-term implantation in insulin-dependent diabetic patients, the impaired functionality and decreasing viability of encapsulated islets over time are critical factors in determining the size and longevity of the implant. These factors are closely associated with short oxygen supply to the encaged islets from the implant site. To facilitate oxygen transport to islets in the capsules, we coencapsulated hemoglobin cross-linked with difunctional polyethylene glycol (Hb-conjugate, Hb-C) which is large in size (>100 kDa), thus preventing diffusional loss through the immunoprotecting membrane. The coencapsulation of Hb-C with islets in alginate-poly-L-lysine microcapsules by dissolving Hb-C in an islet-suspended alginate solution at a concentration of 0.25 mM improved the insulin secretion and viability of the islets. At week 0, the islets, coencapsulated with Hb-C, cultured at P(O2) = 40 mmHg (assumed oxygen partial pressure in the most common implant site, the peritoneal cavity), secreted 200\% more insulin compared with the control islets without Hb-C at glucose concentrations of both 100 and 300 mg/dL. The Hb-C effect became more significant with time at higher glucose concentrations. After culturing the islets for 8 weeks at 40 mmHg, the insulin secretion was enhanced 200 and 550\% at glucose concentrations of 100 and 300 mg/dL as compared with the control, respectively. The results were closely associated with improved viability and suggest that the introduction of Hb-C is an effective approach to maintaining the oxygen supply to encapsulated islets. In addition, Hb-C coencapsulation with pancreatic islets may (1) provide a partial clue to reducing the large size of the biohybrid artificial pancreas, (2) lead to a reduced need for pancreas donation, and (3) prolong the longevity of the biohybrid artificial pancreas in the body. This article was published in Tissue Eng and referenced in Surgery: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Rheumatology and Arthritis Surgeons Meeting
    October 2-4, 2017 Las Vegas , USA
  • 3rd International Conference on Spinal Surgery
    October 16-18, 2017, Chicago, USA
  • Global surgeons meeting on Bariatric surgery
    October 30-November 1, 2017,San Antonio,USA
  • International Conference on Bariatric surgery
    March 15-16, 2018, Barcelona, Spain

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords