alexa Effect of dietary Spirulinaplatensis on fatty acid composition of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fillet
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

Author(s): Seyed Mohammad Ali Jafari, Mohammad Rabbani, Mozhgan Emtyazjoo, Fatemeh Piryaei

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This paper reports on inclusion of Spirulinaplatensis (SP) in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fish diet and its effect on the fish tissue fatty acids (FAs) composition. Fish in triplicate groups with average initial body weight of 75 ± 0.23 g and age of about 7 months were fed a control diet with no supplements and with three experimental diets supplemented with 2.5, 5 and 7.5 weight percent (wt%) of SP for 12 weeks. At the end of experiment, the fillet FA compositions were evaluated. It was found that the composition of FAs in fish fillet was significantly (P < 0.05) affected by inclusion of SP in diets. As compared to the control sample, feeding the fish supplemented particularly with low levels of SP improved the quality of FAs by decreasing undesirable saturated FAs (SFAs) content from 20.03 to 17.93 % and increasing the level of some beneficial long-chain highly unsaturated FAs namely eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5 n-3) from 6.47 to 7.27 %, docosapentaenoic acid (C22:5 n-3) from 1.42 to 1.56 % and docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6 n-3) from 1.26 to 1.35 %. Further increase in the SP inclusion level generally did not lead to desirable results. The SP inclusion in the fish diet had no significant impact on overall contents of n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated FAs in fish fillet. However, the total highly unsaturated FAs (HUFAs) and n-3 HUFAs levels, UFAs/SFAs ratio and n-3/n-6 index were increased from 11.25, 10.65, 3.98 and 0.57 to 12.13, 11.56, 4.40 and 0.62 %, respectively, as a result of 5 wt% SP loading. In general, it can be concluded that SP inclusion up to 5 wt% of loading in rainbow trout culture can be beneficial in terms of FAs compositions of the fish fillet.

This article was published in Aquaculture International and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

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