Author(s): Cheah KS, Cheah AM, Krausgrill DI
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Abstract The effect of vitamin E on pig meat quality was investigated using British Landrace (NN and nn), Landrace × Large White (NN and Nn) and Pietrain (nn) pigs. Daily dietary supplementation of 500 mg vitamin E/kg diet for 46 days could reduce drip loss in unfrozen longissimus thoracis (LT) by 45\% and 54\% in Nn and NN pigs, respectively. In PSE-prone Landrace × Large White Nn pigs, daily supplementation of 1000 mg vitamin E/kg diet for the same period could significantly (P < 0.001) reduce excess release of Ca(2+) and prevent the formation of PSE carcasses, evaluated from both biopsy and post- mortem LT samples. Experimental evidence from erythrocyte fragility and water-holding capacity of biopsy LT samples suggested that vitamin E improved pig meat quality by its ability to stabilize membranes. Stabilization of membrane integrity in isolated mitochondria of LT by vitamin E was associated with inhibition of phospholipase A(2) activity.
This article was published in Meat Sci
and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences