alexa Effect of differences in cancer cells and tumor growth sites on recruiting bone marrow-derived endothelial cells and myofibroblasts in cancer-induced stroma.


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Author(s): Sangai T

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Cancer-stromal interaction is well known to play important roles during cancer progression. Recently we have demonstrated that bone marrow-derived vascular endothelial cells (BMD-VE) and myofibroblasts (BMD-MF) are recruited into the human pancreatic cancer cell line Capan-1 induced stroma. To assess the effect of the difference in cancer cell types on the recruitment of BMD-VE and BMD-MF, 10 kinds of human cancer cell line were implanted into the subcutaneous tissue of the immunodeficient mice transplanted with bone marrow of double-mutant mice (RAG-1-/- beta-gal Tg or RAG-1-/- GFP Tg). The recruitment frequency of BMD-VE (%BMD-VE) and BMD-MF (%BMD-MF), and tumor-associated parameters [tumor volume (TV), microvessel density (MVD) and stromal proportion (%St)] were measured. The correlation among them was analyzed. Although %BMD-VE and %BMD-MF varied (from 0 to 21.6%, 0 to 29.6%, respectively), depending on the cancer cell line, both parameters were significantly correlated with %St (p < 0.005). Furthermore %BMD-VE and %BMD-MF also significantly correlated (p < 0.005). In order to assess the effect of tumor growth sites on the recruitment of the cells of interest, a human pancreatic cancer cell line, Capan-1, was transplanted into 5 different sites: subcutaneous tissue, peritoneum, liver, spleen and lung. Tumors in the subcutaneous tissue and peritoneum induced desmoplastic stroma (%St = 22.7%, 19.5%, respectively) and contained BMD-VE (%BMD-VE = 21.6%, 16.5% respectively) and BMD-MF (%BMD-MF = 29.6%, 24.5%, respectively), but weak stromal induction without recruitment of BMD-VE or -MF was observed in the tumors at of the liver, spleen and lung (%St = 9.7%, 9.1%, 5.4%, respectively). cDNA microarray analysis identified the 29 genes that expression was especially up- or down-regulated in the cell line that induced an abundant stromal reaction. However they did not encoded the molecules that were directly involved in stromal cell recruitment (chemokines), differentiation (cytokines) or proliferation (growth factors). These results indicate that the recruitment of BMD-VE and -MF is required for stromal formation during cancer progression and that the cancer microenvironment is important in stromal reaction and the recruitment of BMD-VE and -MF.

This article was published in Int J Cancer and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

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