Author(s): Ghavamnasiri M, Abedini S, Mehdizadeh Tazangi A
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Abstract AIM: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of 20\% carbamide peroxide (CP) on the flexural strength (FS) of bovine enamel and dentin complex. METHODS AND MATERIALS: One hundred sound bovine teeth were selected for use. Blocks (2 x 3 x 8 mm) from the middle portion of the facial surfaces of each crown were sectioned from the teeth. The specimens were randomly divided into five groups (n=20) based on the time period of vital bleaching. Group 1 comprised the control group kept in artificial saliva. The experimental groups subjected to immersion in 20\% CP, Opalescence, for four, six and eight weeks, respectively (eight hours daily). Mechanical testing was performed 24 hours after the last treatment using an Instron Universal Testing Machine with a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. The results were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's test (a=0.05). RESULTS: Mean values for FS were 141.27, 103.06, 120.71, 130.23, and 117.90 (Mpa), respectively. Statistically significant differences in FS were noted among the groups. A statistically significant difference was observed between Group 2 (two week bleach) and the control. CONCLUSION: Application of 20\% CP bleach for two weeks provided significant decreases in FS of bovine enamel and dentin complex. Similar decreases were not observed among the other groups.
This article was published in J Contemp Dent Pract
and referenced in Dentistry