alexa Effect of dithiocarbamate pesticide zineb and its commercial formulation, azzurro. IV. DNA damage and repair kinetics assessed by single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) assay on Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells.


Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

Author(s): Gonzlez M, Soloneski S, Reigosa MA, Larramendy ML

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Abstract Single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) was used to analyse dithiocarbamate zineb- and the zineb-containing technical formulation azzurro-induced DNA damage and repair in CHO cells. Cells were treated with zineb (50.0 microg/ml) or azzurro (100.0 microg/ml) for 80min, washed and reincubated in pesticide-free medium for 0-12h until SCGE. Viability of treated cells (0 h) did not differ from control remaining unchanged up to 6h of incubation. After 12h, viability decreased up to 70 and 54\% in zineb- and azzurro-treated cultures, respectively. SCGE revealed at 0 h the absence of undamaged cells and an increase of slightly damaged and damaged cells in zineb-treated cultures or by an increase in damaged cells in azzurro-treated cultures. For both chemicals, a time-dependent repair of pesticide-induced DNA damage within a 0-12h post-treatment incubation period was observed. Overall, damaged cells decreased as a function of the repair time for both pesticides while the slightly damaged cells decreased as a function of the repair time of zineb-induced DNA damage. Concomitantly, a time-dependent increase of undamaged cells was observed within the 0.5-12h repair time for both pesticides. At 12h after treatment, no differences in the frequencies of undamaged, slightly damaged and damaged cells were found between both zineb- or azzurro-treated cultures and control values as well as between zineb- and azzurro-treated cells. Immediately after exposure, nuclear DNA from zineb and azzurro-treated cells were larger and wider than nuclear DNA from untreated cells. When damaged cells were allowed to repair, a time-dependent decrease of the amount of free DNA migrating fragments was observed committed only to damaged cells but not in slightly or undamaged cells. On the other hand, no time-dependent alteration on nuclear DNA width within the 0-12h repair period was observed.
This article was published in Mutat Res and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

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