alexa Effect of early bosentan administration on the development of esophageal varices in cirrhotic rats: experimental study in Wistar rats.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology

Author(s): Rafailidis S, Ballas K, Psarras K, Pavlidis T, Emoniotou E,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of chronic bosentan administration on the development of esophageal varices in carbon tetrachloride-induced cirrhosis in rats. METHODS: For the development of liver cirrhosis and esophageal varices, 60 rats underwent ligation of the left adrenal vein, followed by phenobarbital and carbon tetrachloride administration. Two weeks after the beginning of carbon tetrachloride administration, rats were separated into two groups. In group I, comprising 30 rats, bosentan was continuously administered throughout the study, whereas in group II, also 30 rats, placebo instead of bosentan was continuously administered. Hemodynamic studies and morphometric analysis of the lower esophagus were performed after complete induction of cirrhosis. The total number of veins counted in the submucosa, the number of submucosal veins/mm(2) of submucosa, the total submucosal area occupied by vessels, the mean cross-sectional vessel area, the relative submucosal area (percentage) occupied by vessels, and the area of the single most-dilated submucosal vein were studied. RESULTS: Bosentan induced a significant (P < 0.05) decrease in portal pressure, while morphometric analysis revealed a significant reduction (P < 0.05) of all parameters studied in bosentan-treated rats, except in the total and relative number of submucosal veins. CONCLUSIONS: Bosentan administration seemed to significantly attenuate dilation of submucosal veins in the lower esophagus of cirrhotic rats. This effect was mainly attributed to a decrease in the portal pressure induced by chronic bosentan administration. This article was published in J Gastroenterol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version