alexa Effect of early targeted indomethacin on the ductus arteriosus and blood flow to the upper body and brain in the preterm infant.
Pulmonology

Pulmonology

Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

Author(s): Osborn DA, Evans N, Kluckow M

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine if indomethacin given to preterm infants with a large ductus arteriosus (DA) in the first hours of life results in maintained or improved brain and upper body blood (superior vena cava (SVC)) flow. STUDY DESIGN: A randomised, double blind trial of indomethacin v placebo. Echocardiography was performed on 111 infants born at < 30 weeks gestation at 3 and/or 10 hours after birth. Infants were eligible if the DA diameter was > 1.6 mm. Infants were randomised to receive indomethacin 0.2 mg/kg or placebo. Crossover occurred if the DA was still > 1.6 mm. Echocardiography was performed one hour after each treatment. RESULTS: Seventy (63\%) infants had a DA > 1.6 mm, with 35 randomised to receive indomethacin and 35 to receive placebo. At one hour there was no difference in DA constriction (indomethacin -20\% v placebo -15\%), change in SVC flow (-1\% v -9\%), for right ventricular output (RVO). Two hours after indomethacin, 62 infants had uncontrolled observations, at which time significant ductal constriction had occurred. At this time, infants of > or = 27 weeks gestation had significantly greater increases in SVC flow and RVO than infants of < 27 weeks gestation. Infants with failed ductal constriction had significantly lower initial SVC flow and developed more late grade 3/4 peri/intraventricular haemorrhage (P/IVH). Initial SVC flow, but not ductal constriction, was a significant predictor of late grade 3/4 P/IVH in adjusted analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Indomethacin had minimal effect on ductal constriction and blood flow at one hour compared with placebo. Failure of ductal constriction is associated with low SVC flow and subsequent late severe P/IVH.
This article was published in Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed and referenced in Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

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