alexa Effect of endothelium removal on the vasoconstrictor response to neuronally released 5-hydroxytryptamine and noradrenaline in the rat isolated mesenteric and femoral arteries.
Clinical Sciences

Clinical Sciences

Cardiovascular Pharmacology: Open Access

Author(s): Urabe M, Kawasaki H, Takasaki K, Urabe M, Kawasaki H, Takasaki K

Abstract Share this page

Abstract 1. The role of the vascular endothelium in the vasoconstrictor response to transmural nerve stimulation (TNS) was studied in isolated ring segments of rat mesenteric and femoral arteries. 2. In both types of artery, TNS (1 to 16 Hz) produced frequency-dependent vasoconstriction, which was abolished by 100 nM tetrodotoxin, 10 microM guanethidine or 10 nM prazosin, indicating that the response was mediated by endogenous noradrenaline (NA) released from noradrenergic nerves. NA-mediated vasoconstriction in response to TNS was significantly potentiated by removal of the endothelium. 3. In the presence of 10 nM prazosin, the reduced vasoconstriction in response to TNS was restored by incubation with 10 microM 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) for 20 min. Restoration of the response to TNS was markedly attenuated by treatment with 10 nM ketanserin, 100 nM tetrodotoxin, or 10 microM guanethidine, indicating that the restored response was mediated by 5-HT released from noradrenergic nerves. Vasoconstriction mediated by 5-HT in response to TNS was not modified by removal of the endothelium. 4. In both types of artery with intact endothelium, treatment with 3 microM methylene blue potentiated the NA-mediated contractile response to TNS, but did not potentiate the 5-HT-mediated response to TNS. 5. In both types of artery, the contractile responses to exogenous NA and 5-HT were potentiated by removal of the endothelium. 6. These results suggest that endothelial cells regulate neurogenic vasoconstriction by releasing endothelium-derived relaxing factor. Furthermore, it appears likely that the response to neuronally released 5-HT is not affected by the endothelium.
This article was published in Br J Pharmacol and referenced in Cardiovascular Pharmacology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords