Author(s): Simula S, Laitinen T, Laitinen TM, Tarkiainen T, Hartikainen P,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Fingolimod modulates sphingosine-1-phosphate receptors that are also found in cardiovascular tissue. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of fingolimod on cardiac autonomic regulation prospectively. METHODS: Twenty-seven relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients underwent 24-hour electrocardiogram recording before, at the first day of fingolimod treatment (1d) and after three months of continuous dosing (3mo). The time interval between two consecutive R-peaks (RR-interval) was measured. Cardiac autonomic regulation was assessed by the various parameters of heart rate variability. Parasympathetic stimulation prolongs the RR-interval and increases heart rate variability while the effects of sympathetic stimulation are mainly the opposite. The low frequency/high frequency ratio reflects sympathovagal balance. RESULTS: From baseline to 1d, a prolongation of the RR-interval (P<0.001), an increase in the values of various heart rate variability parameters (P<0.05 to P<0.001) and a decrease in the low frequency/high frequency ratio (P<0.05) were demonstrated. At 3mo, although the RR-interval remained longer (P<0.01), the values of various heart rate variability parameters were lower (P<0.01 to P<0.001) as compared to baseline. At 3mo, the low frequency/high frequency ratio (P<0.05) was higher in men than in women although no such difference was found at baseline or at 1d. CONCLUSIONS: After an initial increase in parasympathetic regulation, continuous fingolimod dosing shifts cardiac autonomic regulation towards sympathetic predominance, especially in men. Careful follow-up of fingolimod-treated relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients is warranted as sympathetic predominance associates generally with impaired outcome.ClinicalTrials.cov: NCT01704183. © The Author(s), 2015.
This article was published in Mult Scler
and referenced in Medicinal Chemistry