alexa Effect of fluid preloading on postoperative nausea and vomiting following laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology

Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): Ahmed Turkistani, Khalid Abdullah, Essam Manaa, Bilal Delvi, Gamal Khairy

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BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common complication following general anesthesia. Different regimens have been described for the treatment of PONV with few that mention the prevention of it. Therefore, we conducted this study to compare the effect of preloading with either crystalloids or colloids on the incidence of PONV following laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), under general anesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out on 80 patients who underwent LC. The patients were divided into four groups (each 20 patients), to receive preloading of intravenous fluid, as follows: Group 1 received, 10 ml/kg of low-MW tetrastarch in saline (Voluven), group 2 received, 10 ml/kg medium-MW pentastarch in saline (Pentaspan), group 3, received 10 ml/kg of high-MW heta-starch in saline (Hespan), and group 4, received 10 ml/kg Lactated Ringer's, and this was considered as the control group. All patients received the standard anesthetic technique. The incidence of PONV was recorded, two and 24 hours following surgery. The need for antiemetics and/or analgesics was recorded postoperatively. RESULTS: The highest incidence of PONV was in group 3 (75% of the patients) compared to the other three groups. Also the same trend was found with regard to the number of patients who needed antiemetic therapy. It was the highest incidence in group 3 (70%), followed by group 2 (60%), and then group 1(35%), and the least one was in the control group (25%). CONCLUSION: Intravascular volume deficits may be a factor in PONV and preloading with crystalloids showed a lower incidence of PONV.

This article was published in Saudi J Anaesth. and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

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